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Testicular Cancer Warning Signs – Guidelines for Conducting a Self-Exam

Testicular cancer affects approximately 8000 men annually in the United States alone. Unlike prostate cancer, which more frequently affects older men, cancer of the testicles is more common in men between the ages of 18 and 39 years. In most cases, early signs of cancer are detected by men themselves, rather than in a routine physical exam.

Since early detection is essential in the successful treatment of cancer, performing a regular testicle self-exam is critical for all men. The common risk factors, symptoms and treatments for testicular cancer are described here, as well as a how-to guide for checking for signs of this potentially life-threatening disease.
Risk Factors

Testicular cancer is most likely to affect Caucasian men, although men of other races may also be affected. While the exact cause of testicular cancer remains unknown, men who have a family or personal history of cancer of the  testicles or who have a congenital abnormality of the testes are at greater risk for developing the disease.


Common testicular cancer symptoms include the following:

– A painless swelling or lump that forms around one or both of the testicles; this is the most commonly detected symptom.

– An ache in the groin or lower abdomen.

– A feeling of pain or discomfort in the testicles/pelvic area; this feeling might be constant or irregular.

– A feeling of heaviness or a pulling sensation in the pelvic region.

– An enlarged testicle that seems to develop suddenly.

– Development of breast tissue or sensitivity in the breasts.

-Penis pain, especially after intimacy.

It’s important to remember that not all lumps or pain in the penis or pelvic region point to cancer; there are other disorders that share these symptoms. However, any abnormalities should be evaluated by a doctor in order to determine the most likely cause.


There are various types of treatment for symptoms of testicle cancer, depending on one’s specific situation and whether or not the cancer has spread.

Treatment types typically include:

1. Surgery to remove the testicle, as well as any affected lymph nodes.
2. Radiation therapy. This is when high-energy rays are used on the area to eliminate the tumours.
3. Chemotherapy.

Conducting a testicle self-exam

Testicular cancer can be detected in the early stages through a monthly. This involves using both hands to examine the testicles for any bumps or lumps. Resting the index finger and middle finger underneath the testicle with thumbs on top, then gently rolling the testicle between one’s fingers will help to locate any strange symptoms. Lumps can be the size of a pea or larger, but they are usually painless.

Care of the male equipment is important in reducing the risk of developing testicular cancer or other reproductive health problems. Aside from regular self-exams, men should follow healthy lifestyle habits such as quitting smoking, limiting the intake of alcohol, eating a nutritious diet that is low in cholesterol, sugary foods, and animal fats, and getting regular exercise. In addition, applying a penis health cream can help to maintain skin, nerve and circulatory health in the penile, making potential problems easier to detect when they do occur.

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